Paranoia

Paranoia is an instinct or thought process which is believed to be heavily influenced by anxiety or fear, often to the point of delusion and irrationality. Paranoia is distinct from phobias, which also involve irrational fear. Making false accusations and...

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Persistent Depressive Disorder (Dysthymia)

Persistent Depressive Disorder (Dysthymia) represents a consolidation of the DSM - IV defined chronic major depressive disorder and dysthymic disorder (commonly referred to as “Dysthymia”,) A person with dysthymia describe their mood as sad or “down in the dumps,” but...

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Treatment-Resistant Depression

For many people coping with major depressive disorder—which includes different types of depression that persist for at least two weeks—antidepressants can play an invaluable role in helping relieve symptoms, enabling them to resume the life they once enjoyed. But for those...

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Punishment

As a parent, we are forced to punish our children to lessen the probability that behavior will occur again in the future. We want to focus more on reducing or eliminating undesirable behaviors, punishment frequently mistakenly with negative reinforcement. Take...

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Understanding Boundaries

What do we mean when we use the term, ‘boundary’? Boundaries are essentially a set of rules or expectations that communicate how we expect others to behave when they interact with us on an emotional or physical level. When we...

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